Igor A. Kozlov
PhD (in chemistry),
Leading Researcher at VNII GOChS (Federal Center),
INCREASING THE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE IN CONDITIONS
OF CAPILLARY WATER SUCTION
Corrosion of materials, products and structures acts as a factor that prevents the effective use of fixed assets and causes significant damage to the country’s economy. Experience in the operation of buildings has shown that concrete structures are not sufficiently stable in conditions of partial immersion in salt solutions and the presence of high humidity. The regulatory documents on corrosion protection of concrete structures of underground and surface structures operated “under conditions of capillary suction and evaporation” provide for the protection of the surface of structures with paint coatings, the use of which is limited to significant labor and energy costs. The development of hydrophobic coatings and impregnations of concrete to increase resistance to the action of capillary suction expands the scope of primary protection measures, reduces the cost of secondary protection, increases the durability of concrete structures.
The purpose of the work is to investigate the corrosion resistance of concrete under conditions of capillary suction and evaporation, based on the use of effective multifunctional impregnations and coatings.
Concrete strength, capillary suction, humidity, concrete corrosion, hydrophobic coatings, impregnations, biocides
The samples are installed vertically in a container with water on a metal mesh with a cell size of at least 5×5 mm so that their lower (non-insulated) face is in contact with the water surface. It is not allowed to touch the bottom face of the sample of the bottom of the container (see Fig. 1).
1 — A container with water, 2 — a concrete sample, 3 — a metal mesh,
4 — moisture-insulated faces of the concrete sample
Figure 1 — Tests of samples for capillary suction
The samples are weighed at intervals of time: 5 minutes from the moment of contact of the sample with water, then after 10 min; 15 min; 30 min; 1 hour; 1.5 hours; 3 hours; 6 hours; 24 hours; 48 hours. We determine the amount of water absorbed by 1 m2 of the sample surface after each weighing. Based on the results of weighing the sample, we plot the dependence of the amount of water (g) absorbed by the surface of 1 m2 of the sample on the square root of time (see Fig. 2).
1 — Control (without treatment); 2 — A-1; 3 — A-2
Figure 2 — Capillary suction of water by concrete grade B30
Next, we construct a graphical dependence of the amount of water M absorbed by 1 m2 of the sample surface on time in logarithmic coordinates (see Fig. 3). Below are the equations of linear approximations of the dependencies for each concrete prototype.
Figure 3 — Capillary suction of water in logarithmic coordinates
The capillary suction coefficient K (see Tabl.) is defined as the coordinate of the intersection with the abscissa axis (X axis) of the dependence graphs in logarithmic coordinates. The equations were derived according to which the process of capillary suction of water occurs in experimental samples of concrete B30 treated with various impregnations:
Control (without treatment): M = 0,69*z0,2
A-1 (LVGOil+ biocide): M = 0,21*z0,2
A-2 (TVGOil+biocide): M = 0,27*z0,2
Table. Index of capillary suction of concrete samples
Control (without impregnation)
(LVG + biocide)
at capillary suction
(average value), g/(m2*h1/2)
The new hydrophobic oil biocidal impregnations investigated in the work allow to reduce water absorption, increase the corrosion resistance of concrete and extend their service life.
1. Velichko, E.G. Structure and basic properties of building materials. M.: CITP named after G.K. Ordzhonikidze, 2014. 496 p.
© Kozlov I.A., 2021